Industry sector: Transport

Coach firm: Loans/grants


It may be that you do not need to borrow any money to start up your business. However, you may need to raise money to cover:

  • the initial start up costs such as vehicles, premises costs, equipment, business stationery and so on
  • working capital

Working capital

There is likely to be a period during the first few weeks of trading when your business is becoming known to customers and demand is building up.

During this period you will still have to cover expenses such as:

  • wages (and your own living expenses)
  • fuel costs
  • rent
  • rates
  • utilities such as heat, light and telephone
  • HP repayments

Because your income may not be enough to cover these outgoings during the early days, you will probably need to set aside some cash, or 'working capital', to tide you over.

If you need to approach the bank for a loan to cover your start up costs and working capital, leave this entry in the cash flow empty until you have completed the rest. This will give you an idea of the shortfall between income and expenditure.

If your figures show that you're likely to need to borrow money, it's wise to check at an early stage in your planning that funds are available on terms that are acceptable to you.

Grants and other funding

Depending on where your business will be located, you may be able to get grant aid to help with the cost of setting up public transport services in designated rural areas.

In addition you may be able to get some grant aid to cover the cost of training, for example, in bus and coach driving and customer care.

You can get information on grant aid and other types of funding available throughout the UK from the business finance and support finder tool on the Gov.uk website.

Grant aid varies considerably around the UK and some assistance may be available in your area to help you start up your business.

It is also worth contacting the business support unit in your local council if it has one. Sometimes local grants are available for things like shop front renewal, or to help new businesses in economically run-down areas. You can also use the tool on the Gov.uk website to help you identify any suitable sources of local and regional funding.